What Role For Hydrogen In Turkiye’s Energy Future?

In January 2020, the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR) of Turkey organised a consultation meeting with energy sector stakeholders, experts, and academia to define the future of hydrogen in Turkey and to produce a hydrogen strategy by the end of 2021.During 2020, laboratory tests had demonstrated blending 5 per cent, 10 per cent, 15 per cent and 20 per cent into the gas transmission system for households and industry consumption. In January 2021, the Turkish government announced an intention to produce hydrogen from domestically produced energy (lignite, hydro, wind, solar, and geothermal). As a first step, it is intended to blend hydrogen into natural gas distribution grids starting with the Izmir industrial region. Longer term, the country also has enormous potential for hydrogen consumption in the industrial sector. In April 2021, the gas distribution association of Turkey – Gazbir, which is responsible for all testing and research and development (R&D), launched a clean hydrogen centre in Konya, Central Anatolia, which will focus on hydrogen as well as biogas.They successfully tested various levels of hydrogen blending into the natural gas grid.Against that background this paper examines the potential for hydrogen in Turkey and for longer term exports to Europe.

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